Here is a preliminary idea of what you will see on the final examination. There are 10 essay questions to answer. They are to be answered by outline or diagram as appropriate or mentioned below. Some outlines will include both. I am more than willing to cover any question during office hours. I request that you wait to go over essay questions until we have actually covered the topic and you can ask intelligent questions.
1. Outline the process of the action potential.
2. List and describe the 12 cranial nerves. Provide the proper number, basic function, and selected pathologies.
3. Outline the ascending and descending spinal nerve tracts. Include the name, origin, termination, column, and basic function.
4. Match the proper response of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system stimulations.
5. Outline in detail the disease of Diabetes mellitus. Include causes, types, short term and long term pathologies, and treatments specific to the types.
6. Outline the process of hemostasis. Include extrinsic and intrinsic pathways, the basic cascade, important factors, and examples of clinical clot prevention for in-vitro and in-vivo situations.
7. Outline the signs and symptoms of shock and differentiate between compensatory and decompensatory shock.
8. Outline the T cell system of immunity. Include the cell types, factors, program center, antigens attacked, MHC, and a diagram.
9. Outline the transport of oxygen and diagram the internal transport of carbon dioxide.
10. Outline the filtration, reabsorbtion, secretion, and buffering within the kidneys. Include a labeled diagram in your answer.
I will select only 4 of these 10 for the test. Make sure you study the diabetes question as this will likely be on the final.
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