INTEGRATED COURSE OUTLINE OF RECORD
Anatomy and Physiology 101
Notice to students:
The outline of record is designed for adjunct instructors and other institutions teaching the same course. The document is not necessary for students to use in the class.
Mt. San Jacinto College
1499 North State Street
San Jacinto, CA. 92383
COURSE REVISION APPROVAL/ OUTLINE
Projected To Be Phased in Fall 2000
1. Course title: Human Anatomy and Physiology 101
2. Course number: ANAT 101
Semester Units Semester Hours Week/Lecture Week/Lab
4. Catalog Description: Anatomy and Physiology 101 is the first class in a two part series and covers the chemical, cellular, tissue levels of organization. A systematic study of the anatomy and physiology including the study of the integument, reproductive system, skeletal system, muscular system, digestive and metabolic systems. The course is intended for students interested in careers in medical, paramedical, kinesiology and related fields.
5. Needs/Justification: Anatomy and Physiology 101 prepares students who which to pursue careers in the medical, paramedical, kinesiology and related fields. It prepares students to integrate the conceptual dynamics of structure and function of the human body with critical thinking applications in medical case studies.
6. Prerequisites: High school or college biology/chemistry is strongly recommended but not required.
7. Description for the Course: This is an intensive study of the structure and function of the human body. The emphasis is homeostasis and the interrelationship among systems with discussions on selected pathologies. Anatomy and Physiology 101 provides the major component of the gross anatomical study in the two semester series.
8. Learning Objectives: By the end of the course, students of anatomy and physiology 101 will be able to meet the following objectives:
1. Apply general anatomical terminology in the identification and description of anatomical features.
2. Relate the principles of chemistry to the elemental, molecular, cellular, organ and organismal level.
3. Relate cellular structure with the function of the cell. Assess the interactions of cellular organelles in the normal functioning of the cells.
4. Differentiate tissues by histological structure and describe how their histological structure relates to their function.
5. Identify and describe the detailed anatomy of the systems and structures studied in Anatomy and Physiology.
6. Analyze, explain and predict the detailed homeostatic physiological activities of the systems, organs, tissues and cells.
7. Predict the homeostatic responses to internal and external environmental changes in the physiologic systems.
8. Describe selected pathologies in terms of cause and effect relationship and determine the appropriate treatment in a case study approach
9. Course content:
1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
2. The Chemical Level of Organization
3. The Cellular Level of Organization
a. Cellular Structure and Function
b. Cellular Transport Mechanisms
c. Gene Expression / Protein Synthesis
d. The Cell Cycle
e. Cellular Homeostasis and Disease
4. The Tissue Level of Organization
b. Nervous Tissue
c. Connective Tissue
d. Muscle Tissue
e. Primary Germ Layers
g. Histological Pathology
5. The Integumentary System
a. Anatomy and Physiology of the Integument
b. Pathology of the Skin
c. The Role of the Skin in Homeostasis
d. Wound Healing
6. The Male Reproductive System
a. Anatomy and Physiology
ii. Hormonal Regulation
7. The Female Reproductive System
a. Anatomy and Physiology
ii. Hormonal Regulation
iii. Ovarian/Uterine Cycle
iv. Birth Control
vi. Homeostasis and Pathology
vii. Sexually Transmitted Disease
8. Human Reproduction and Development
a. Fertilization, Cleavage and Implantation
b. Embryonic Development
i. Extraembryonic Membranes
ii. Placental Development
iii. Hormonal Regulation
c. Fetal Development
i. Hormones of Pregnancy
ii. Disorders During Pregnancy
9. Human Genetics and Inheritance
a. Genotype and Phenotype
b. Genes and Chromosomes
c. Genetic Crosses
i. Sex Linked, Multiple Alleles and Incomplete Dominance
d. Genetic Disorders
10. The Skeletal System
a. Bone Tissue – Functions of Bone Tissue
i. Bone Histology and Classification
ii. Bone Tissue Development
iii. Bone Remodeling
iv. Fractures and Repair of Bone
v. Bone Pathology and Homeostasis
b. Axial Skeleton – Bone Markings
i. Skull, Vertebral, Hyoid and Thoracic Areas of the Skeleton
c. Appendicular Skeleton – Pectoral, Upper Extremity, Pelvic Girdle,
and Lower Extremity Studies.
d. Joints – Classification by Function
iv. Joint Movement
v. Pathology and Clinical Application
11. Muscle Tissue
a. Muscle Histology
b. Biochemical Events of Muscle Contraction
i. Sliding Filament Mechanism
c. Skeletal, Smooth and Cardiac Muscle Physiology
d. Muscle Metabolism
e. Homeostasis and Pathology of Muscle Tissue
12. The Muscular System
a. Actions and Identification of Muscles
b. Exercise and Muscle Development
13. Digestive and Absorption
a. Anatomy and Physiology of the Digestive System and Related
b. Enzymatic Action of the Digestive System
c. Absorption Mechanisms
d. Nervous and Endocrine Digestive Control
e. Histology of the Digestive System
f. Homeostasis and Pathology of the Digestive System
a. Catabolism and Anabolism
b. Carbohydrate, Lipid and Protein Metabolism
c. Metabolic Pathways
i. Role of Protein, Carbohydrate, Lipid, Vitamins and Minerals
e. Metabolic Homeostasis and Metabolic Disorder
Required: Tortora, Gerard
Title: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology
Edition: 9th or latest edition
Supplemental: Learning Guide to Accompany Principles of Anatomy and Physiology
11. Other Reference Material
Scientific American Magazine
New England Journal of Medicine
And other applicable journals
Videotapes, filmstrips and CD-ROM supplemental materials
11. Methods of Instruction:
a. Lecture and interactive discussion
b. Large and small group cooperative learning activities
c. Hands-on study of anatomical structure including:
Human musculature study on a cadaver
Internal anatomy study of the cadaver
Study of anatomical models
Microscope study of human histology
d. Hands-on laboratory study of physiological processes
e. Group or seminar-type discussions of critical thinking activities with case study analysis
12. Methods of Evaluation: A student’s grade shall be determined by the instructor, using multiple measures of performance related to the course objectives. Methods of evaluation may include but are not limited to the following:
1. Tests and Quizzes to determine the student’s understanding and grasp of the course content. Tests and quizzes may be multiple choice, written, oral, or hands on identification of models or dissected materials.
2. Laboratory Activities for application of theory and concepts in hands on activities.
3. Laboratory Practicals to determine competence in laboratory methods and content areas.
4. Oral Presentations to present research information to the class.
5. Case Studies to apply concepts presented in course and to predict outcomes and treatments appropriate for each scenario.
6. Group Discussion to involve students in critical thinking interactions and activities.
7. Comprehensive Final Examination to determine student’s synthesis of materials assigned and discussed in lecture and lab.
All tested material should be college level with a variety of formats such as multiple choice, fill in or short answers and essay. No open-book exams are to be given.
In the 5 unit class approximately 60% if the grade will be based on lecture and 40% on laboratory work.
13. Examples of Assignments: Sample assignments, which demonstrate level of difficulty, expected, including writing, reading, out of class assignments.
a. Perform calculations and measurements using the systems normally
used in science and medicine.
b. Perform a detailed dissection on a representative mammal (such as a cat). Identify and learn the musculature and internal anatomical features of the animal.
c. Participate in critical thinking exercises involving hypothetical physiological scenarios such as case study analysis. Demonstrate the ability to apply concepts discussed in class and predict physiological responses.
d. Study in detail, the anatomical features of a human cadaver (musculature, integument and internal anatomy).
e. Evaluate the individual’s metabolism demand by recording the dietary intake over a weeklong period of time.
f. Given a pathology case study such as osteoporosis, students will work in small groups and be assigned research components pertaining to the pathology including:
Dietary and nutritional causes
Diet and nutritional treatment and therapy
Exercise deficiency (inactivity or recumbence) causes
Exercise in treatment and therapy
Hormonal replacement in therapy
Multisystemic interaction in maintenance of bone tissue
Each group will compile a written research paper in their specific area and will present it to the entire class in a presentation and discussion period.
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